Immuno Haematology & Blood Transfusion Medicine
Direct: 044-45928561 (8am-4pm), Board:044-45928500
Processes and Procedures Carried Out In the Blood Bank Includes:
Who Are The Blood Donors?
All blood donors are volunteers. However, sometimes, a patient may want to donate blood a couple of weeks before undergoing surgery, so that his or her blood is available in case of a blood transfusion. Donating blood for yourself is called an autologous donation. Volunteer blood donors must pass certain criteria. including the following:
Donor comfort is foremost in our minds and hence utmost care is provided to them before, during and after donation. The same is well exemplified in the donor waiting lounge, bleeding room and refreshment area. The donor is monitored throughout the blood collection process.
If you wish to direct your donation to a specific patient (i.e. Family Member), you will need to complete the form designed for this purpose. Blood is reserved for two weeks and blood must be donated 48 working hours before use. It is recommended that prospective donors eat prior to giving blood. After donation normal daily activities may resume. We do recommend that donors avoid lifting heavy weights or performing strenuous exercise for several hours. You may donate platelets and plasma by apheresis up to 24 times a year.
What Are The Components of Blood?
While blood, or one of its components, may be transfused, each component serves many functions, including the following:
Blood irradiation is done to inactivate T-lymphocytes present in the donated blood that may cause graft-versus-host disease which is a serious adverse effect.
Plateletpheresis & Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Collection by Apheresis
The department is equipped with a cell separator (Apheresis Machine). This instrument enables collection of Single Donor Platelets (SDP) and stem cells. A SDP unit contains six times the quantity of platelets compared to what is prepared conventionally. Stem cell harvest from donors is undertaken to treat malignancies especially those of the blood. Therapeutic plasma exchange is also carried out by apheresis. This procedure is of immense help in certain neurological disorders.
What Tests Are Performed In the Blood Bank?
A certain set of standard tests is performed in the blood bank laboratory once blood is donated, includes but not limited to the following:
Screening For Transfusion Transmissible Infections
Infectious disease screening is the first part of the blood processing system. We have two automated instruments dedicated for the purpose, thereby ensuring safe blood.
What Are The Blood Types?
According to the American Association of Blood Banks, distribution of blood types in South India, occurs in the following percentage:
Coombs Test – Direct and Indirect, Incomplete Antibody Screen, Incomplete Antibody Titre
The immunohematology lab is well-equipped with a semi-automated platform that uses the el technology facilitating an antibody screen for any unexpected red blood cell antibodies that may cause problems in the recipient.
Lymphocytotoxic Or Complement Dependant Cytotoxicity Is the Cross Match carried out prior to transplantation be it the kidney, liver or heart.