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Physiology

Thrust areas for your department
1. Research Area: Environmental Physiology and Occupational Health

1.1 Indoor Air Pollution and Health effects
Indoor air quality monitoring in rural households of Tamil Nadu
Indoor air quality monitoring in rural households of Andhra Pradesh
Indoor air Pollution and Acute Respiratory infections in Children – a pilot study
Pilot study of household particle monitoring for an Indian national survey: plans, protocols, and progress
Comparative risk assessment for interventions aimed at reduction of indoor air pollution associated with bio - mass fuel use in rural and urban settings of Andhra Pradesh, India - an integrated evaluation based on health risks and greenhouse gas emissions
Monitoring and Evaluation of Improved Cook Stoves in South India
Case-control study of indoor air pollution and other risk factors for pulmonary tuberculosis in a rural population of Tamil Nadu, India
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in biomass fuel users in Tamil Nadu- a pilot study for assessment of prevalence and implications for the burden of disease in rural women
Indoor air pollution and Acute respiratory tract infections in children under the age of five
Effect of stove intervention on nasal mucociliary clearance among rural women.
Effect of biomass fuel and clean fuel on mucociliary clearance in women
ICMR Advanced centre for Air pollution and Health Research – Mother –child cohort for examining the association between Indoor air pollution and Low birth weight.
‘Mother child cohort for adverse pregnancy outcomes’and  ‘Air pollution and endovascular diseases’
Estimating health impacts associated with exposures to fine particles in Chennai

1.2 Outdoor Air Pollution

Study of Lead Exposure and Outcomes amongst Children in Chennai, India
Estimation of Health Effects of Air Pollutants Using Exposure –Response Functions from Time-Series Analyses in Chennai, India. Estimating health impacts associated with exposures to ozone and fine particles in Chennai city
Human Health Risk Assessment for air pollutants in Chennai, India
‘ICMR Center for Air Pollution Research’, in collaboration with the Department for Environmental health Engineering department of SRU; Mother child cohort for adverse pregnancy outcomes’ and  ‘Air pollution and endovascular diseases'

1.3 Job Exposure Assessment

Assessment of work capacity and workload in the workers of different occupational sectors
Pulmonary functions in Traffic policemen
Pulmonary function tests in foundry workers
Prevalence of Noise induced hearing loss and hypertension in industrial workers.
Pulmonary function tests in different occupational sectors (tannery workers; beedi industry workers)
Assessment of Heat Stress and its impacts on Health among workers from different Occupational sectors
Sweden-India cooperation on protection of working people from health and productivity risks due to workplace heat exposure and the links to climate change.
Vulnerability Assessment to Heat stress and its impacts on Health and Productivity for select Occupational sectors in the context of Climate Change

1.4 Health Impact Assessment

Evaluating the Sustainability and Impacts of Water, Sanitation & Hygiene Interventions.
Public Health Risk Assessment for Chromium Contaminated Industrial Waste Sites in Ranipet, Tamil Nadu.
Comparative risk assessment for air pollutants in Chennai city, India
Economic valuation of health damage in North Chennai using a comparative risk assessment framework
Emergency room visits due to cardio respiratory illness from major hospitals in Chennai, India- A preliminary study.
A preliminary study of assessment of left ventricular functions in morbid obesity.

2. Research Area: Pulmonary Physiology

Pulmonary Function Assessment in South Indian rural Women
Pulmonary functions tests in various phases of menstrual cycle
Pulmonary function tests in obesity
Pulmonary function tests among beedi workers- A cross sectional study.
Assessment of pulmonary functions in petrol pumps workers.
Effect of Yoga on breathholding time in medical students.
Study of breath holding in young adults
Study of Pulmonary function tests and derivation of prediction equations among South Indian adolescents
Effect of aging on nasal mucociliary clearance in women.
Comparison of peak expiratory flow rate variability between asthmatics and healthy individuals of Chennai city, India.
Prevalence of Gastro oesophageal reflux disease in Asthmatics
Diurnal and seasonal variation of Peak expiratory flow rate in adolescents
Assessment of Phagocytic function of macrophages among COPD patients
Assessment of pulmonary  functions among urban, semi urban and rural population
Pulmonary function test in tannery workers- a cross sectional study
Comparitive study of nasal mucociliary clearance between clean fuel users and biomass users.
Defence mechanisms in Asthmatics (Phagocytic function & Nasal mucociliary clearance in Asthmatics)
Prevalence of ARI in children less than 2 years in urban &rural population at thiruvallur.
Effect of Bhramari pranayama on Baseline Physiological Parameters in apparently Healthy adolescents

3. Research Area: Autonomic Physiology

Study of autonomic functions in various phases of menstrual cycle
Heart rate variability among young adolescent subjects.
Development, construction & testing of a low cost ecg wireless transmission device with unipolar modified dry electrode placement for heart rate detection

4. Research Area: Medical Education

Changing trends in evaluation of practical skills
Gender difference in learning style preference among Medical students
Students’ opinion on interactive lecturing in physiology.
Teaching physiology by the broken lecture method
Case Based learning as an effective teaching learning method in an integrated preclinical MBBS curriculum
Interactive Lecturing in Physiology (for FAIMER -  International Fellowship
Development of Interactive e-module on Physiology of High  Altitude
‘Integrated e- module on Diabetes Mellitus for Phase I and Phase II MBBS students’
The impact of E-learning in increasing awareness regarding dentistry
‘Innovative , Interactive teaching method  for Under Graduate students – e-module and Professional Development Programme’
‘Evaluation of different metacognitive tools and learning outcomes among undergraduate students’

5. Research Area: Psychophysiology

Prevalence rate of depression among Diabetic patients in Vellore
Association between Interleukin-6, serum albumin and psychological variables among hemodialysis patients in a tertiary care center.
Role of humour in perception of pain
The relationship between c-reactive and neuropsychological function in obesity
Relation of different levels of hemoglobin with cognitive function among elderly adults.
The influence of laughter, humor on pain perception among adolescence

6. Research Area: Basic Experimental and Clinical Physiology

Plasma fibrinogen level in stroke’
Effect of REM sleep deprivation on lipid per oxidation in blood
Assessment of fibrinogen as a CAD risk factor in younger age group in Suburban Chennai.
Assessment of lipid peroxidation in pregnancy
Assessment of salivary parameters in type 2 diabetes mellitus
Muscle function in obese population
Osteoporosis – a peek into the prevalence and its effects in surgical and natural postmenopausal women.
The relationship between C - reactive protein and cognitive functions in obesity.
Assessment of antioxidant status and the oxidative stress in the seminal plasma of infertile men.
Stroboscopy and voice acoustic analysis in hypothyroid patients.
Diurnal and seasonal variation of Peak expiratory flow rates in adolescents.
Prevalence of impaired glucose tolerance and its correlation with age, sex, BMI, waist hip ratio and family history of diabetes
Study of fibrinogen level in various phases of menstrual cycle
Comparison of calcium levels in normal pregnancy and pregnancy induced hypertension.
Study of fibrinogen level, and metabolic functions in postmenopausal women
Study of fibrinogen levels in surgical and natural postmenopausal women.
Study of Chromosomal   aberration in gasoline station workers exposed to petroleum fumes.
A cross sectional study of memory among 50 to 65 year older adults with differing levels of hemoglobin
Prevalence of upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders among workers in an industrial town in Tamilnadu
A study of vitamin-D levels across different populations in Chennai

7. Research Area: Endocrine and Nutrition

Dyslipidemic changes in women with subclinical hypothyroidism.
Correlation between visceral obesity and liver enzymes – A cross    sectional study
Effect of increased BMI on muscle functions in young adults
Assessment of vocal cords and voice in hypothyroid patients.

8. Research Area: Physical Activity

Assessment of current level of physical activity in young medical students
Study of muscle functions in underweight and obese South Indian population.
Study of effect of pranayama and other yoga exercises on respiratory efficiency among young adolescent healthy subjects.
Study of muscle functions in sedentary and physically active young adults

9. Research Area: Oncology

‘The study of Inflammatory Mediators in Renal cell carcinoma patients and its correlation to selective risk factors’

10. Research Area: Neurology

‘Peripheral Biomarkers in Neurodegenerative Disease – Alzheimer’s disease’

11. Research Area: Cardiovascular   Physiology

‘Study of select vascular parameters as Prognostic indicator in Atherosclerotic patients'