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Physiology

Thrust areas for your department
Research Focus: Environmental Physiology

1.1. Indoor Air Pollution and Health effects
  1. 1. Case-control study of indoor air pollution and other risk factors for pulmonary tuberculosis in a rural population of Tamil Nadu, India
  2. 2. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in biomass fuel users in Tamil Nadu- a pilot study for assessment of prevalence and implications for the burden of disease in rural women
  3. 3. Indoor air pollution and Acute respiratory tract infections in children under the age of five.
  4. 4. Effect of biomass fuel and stove intervention on mucociliary clearance in women 
  5. 5. Monitoring and Evaluation of Improved Cook Stoves in South India
  6. 6. ICMR Advanced centre for Air pollution and Health Research – Mother –child cohort for examining the association between Indoor air pollution and adverse pregnancy outcomes’ 
  7. 7. Exploring Respiratory health outcomes from sustained use of efficient cook stoves in rural households of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh

1.2. Outdoor Air Pollution
  1. 1. Study of Lead Exposure and Outcomes amongst Children in Chennai, India
  2. 2. Air pollution and endovascular diseases
  3. 3. Generation Of Exposure Response Relationships For Short Term Health Effects Related To Ambient Air Pollution In Chennai City 


2. Research Focus: Occupational Health

2.1 Job Exposure Assessment
  1. 1. Assessment of Heat Stress and its impacts on Health among workers from different Occupational sectors
  2. 2. Job Exposure Profiles and Workplace Improvements in Leather Tanneries – A Case Study from Tamil Nadu, India
  3. 3. Assessment of work capacity and workload in the workers of different occupational sectors
  4. 4. Stress in IT professionals 
  5. 5. Pulmonary functions in Traffic policemen
  6. 6. Pulmonary function tests in foundry workers
  7. 7. Prevalence of Noise induced hearing loss and hypertension in industrial workers.
  8. 8. Occupational lead exposure and Blood Pressure-A Cross sectional study.
  9. 9. Pulmonary function tests in different occupational sectors (tannery workers; beedi industry workers)
  10. 10. Study of Chromosomal   aberration in gasoline station workers exposed to petroleum fumes.
  11. 11. Prevalence of upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders among workers in an industrial town in Tamilnadu
  12. 12. Assessment of Heat stress and Heat strain  among residential complex maintenance workers in Chennai
  13. 13. Health impacts of volatile organic compound exposure and hot ambient temperature in painters

2.2. Health Impact Assessment
  1. 1. Evaluating the Sustainability and Impacts of Water, Sanitation & Hygiene Interventions. 
  2. 2. Public Health Risk Assessment for Chromium Contaminated Industrial Waste Sites in Ranipet, Tamil Nadu.
  3. 3. Economic valuation of health damage in North Chennai using a comparative risk assessment framework
  4. 4. Emergency room visits due to cardio respiratory illness from major hospitals in Chennai, India- A preliminary study.
  5. 5. A preliminary study of assessment of left ventricular functions in morbid obesity.


3. Research Focus: Pulmonary Physiology
  1. 1 .Diurnal and seasonal variation of Peak expiratory flow rate in adolescents
  2. 2. Assessment of phagocytic function of macrophages among COPD patients
  3. 3. Assessment of pulmonary  functions among urban, semi urban and rural population
  4. 4. Pulmonary function test in tannery workers- a cross sectional study
  5. 5. Comparative study of nasal mucociliary clearance between clean fuel users and biomass users.
  6. 6. Effect of yoga on breath holding time in medical  students
  7. 7. Respiratory defense mechanisms in Asthmatics 
  8. 8. Prevalence of ARI in children less than 2 years in urban &rural population at Thiruvallur.
  9. 9. Efficiency of pulse-oximeter versus pulmonary function tests in assessing respiratory functions
  10. 10. Effect of Bhramari pranayama on baseline physiological parameters in apparently healthy adolescents
  11. 11. Study of pulmonary functions among flutists Effect of Yoga training on   cardiorespiratory functions among young individuais
  12. 12. Effect of Zumba training on lung functions among young individuals
  13. 13. Role of soluble urokinase type plasminogen activator receptor (supar) as a predictor of COPD severity
  14. 14. Evaluating the role of periostin as a novel biomarker in asthmatics of Puducherry

4. Research Focus:  Autonomic Physiology
1. Study of autonomic functions in normal pregnant woman
2. Effect of posture on cardiovascular autonomic functions
3. Assessment of Cardiovascular Autonomic Neuropathy (CAN) and to study the association of plasma Brain Natriuretic Peptide levels in type 2 DM patients with CAN.
4. Study of autonomic functions in various phases of menstrual cycle
5. Heart rate variability among young adolescent subjects.
6. Development, construction & testing of a low cost ECG wireless transmission device with unipolar modified dry electrode placement for heart rate detection
7. Autonomic and pulmonary functions among workers exposed to air pollution
8. Assessment of Autonomic functions among vitamin D deficient individuals
9. Neuroimmunological assessment of the cardiovascular risks in Psoriasis
10. Evaluation of stress among school going late adolescents in Chennai
11. Prevalence of stress and autonomic function among women nursing professional
12. Development of a cost effective pupillometry device to study pupil size variability by infrared videography technique as a tool to assess autonomic functions in Diabetic patients
13.Evaluating relationship between ghrelinoxidative stress and cardiac autonomic functions in hypertensives


5. Research Focus: Medical Education
1. Changing trends in evaluation of practical skills 
2. Gender difference in learning style preference among Medical students
3. Knowledge, attitudes & awareness of HIV/AIDS among medical students
4. Remedial education program for the under achieving Preclinical medical students.
5. Students’ opinion on interactive lecturing in physiology.
6. Teaching physiology by the broken lecture method
7. Case Based learning as an effective teaching learning method in an integrated preclinical MBBS curriculum
8. Interactive Lecturing in Physiology (for FAIMER -  International Fellowship)
9. Development of Interactive e-module on Physiology of High  Altitude
10. ‘Integrated e- module on Diabetes Mellitus for Phase I and Phase II MBBS students’
11. The impact of E-learning in increasing awareness regarding dentistry
12.‘Innovative , Interactive teaching method  for Under Graduate students – e-module and Professional Development Programme’
13. ‘Evaluation of different metacognitive tools and learning outcomes among undergraduate students’
14. Needs assessment of post graduate nursing curriculum in a middle east nursing college



6. Research Focus: Endocrine
1. Stroboscopy and voice acoustic analysis in hypothyroid patients.
2. Dyslipidemic changes in women with subclinical hypothyroidism.
3. Correlation between visceral obesity and liver enzymes – A cross    sectional study
4. Assessment of vocal cords and voice in hypothyroid patients.
5. Relationship of 17 beta estradiol on motor and cognitive performance during the early follicular and pre ovulatory phase of menstrual cycle in adults
6. Influence of diet on dyslipidemia, oxidative stress and anti-oxidant status among  among vegetarian and non-vegeterian in south Indian adult  population
7. ‘A study of vitamin-D levels across different populations in Chennai’
8. Prevalence of impaired glucose tolerance and its correlation with age, sex, BMI, waist hip ratio and family history of diabetes
9. Study of inflammatory markers, stress markers and IL-6 gene polymorphism among Indian women with polycystic ovarian syndrome
10. Obesity a risk factor for plantar fasciitis
11. A study on beneficial effects of oxytocin and dehydroepiandrosterone administration in attenuation of acute stress
12. Comparison of Serum vitamin D and calcium levels between post menopausal and premenopausal women
13. Assessment of pulmonary function  in obese  and non obese type II diabetic patients

7. Research Focus: Yoga, Stress, Mind body medicine
1. Study of effect of pranayama and other yoga exercises on respiratory efficiency among young adolescent healthy subjects.
2. Study of muscle functions in sedentary and physically active young adults
3. Effect of seethali pranaysama on resting cardiovascular parameters
4. Effect of increased BMI on muscle functions in young adults
5. Effect of Yoga training on cardiorespiratory functions among young individuals
6. Impact of stress and screen time on sleep among medical students in COVID era
7. Prevalence of stress and autonomic function among women nursing professional
8. Effectiveness of Yoga intervention on autoantibodies, inflammatory epigenetic markers & quality of life in Systemic lupus erythematous
9. Immediate effect of Sheethali Pranayama in measuring short term Heart rate variability in a healthy subjects
10. Effect of Sheethali pranayama on resting cardiovascular parameters


8. Research Focus: Oncology
1.‘The study of Inflammatory Mediators in Renal cell carcinoma patients and its correlation to selective risk 

9. Research Focus: Neurology
1. Effects of Ethanolic extract of Cayratia auriculata on alpha-synuclein aggregation and its expression in rotenone-induced Zebrafish Parkinson model
2. Association between obesity and cognitive function in middle aged persons -  a cross sectional study
3. A new approach to quantify ankle and knee jerk by accelero meter in patients with altered deep tendon reflexes
4. Association between obesity and cognitive function in middle aged persons -  a cross sectional study
5. Effect of oral sucrose on pain perception among young adults


10. Research Focus: Cardiovascular  
‘1.‘ Study of select vascular parameters as Prognostic indicator in Atherosclerotic patients' 

11. Research Focus: Nephrology 
1. Heat stress and Chronic kidney disease 
2. Novel biomarkers –{ Osteoprotegerin and Fetuin-A} for vascular calcification in patients with chronic kidney disease


12. Research Focus: Psychophysiology
1. Prevalence rate of depression among Diabetic patients in Vellore
2.Association between Interleukin-6, serum albumin and psychological variables among hemodialysis patients in a tertiary care center.
3. Role of humour in perception of pain 
4. The relationship between C-reactive protein and neuropsychological function in obesity
5. Relation of different levels of hemoglobin with cognitive function among elderly adults.
6. The influence of laughter, humor on pain perception among adolescence

13. Research Focus: Basic Experimental and Clinical Physiology
1. Assessment of antioxidant status and the oxidative stress in the seminal plasma of infertile men.
2. Study of fibrinogen level in various phases of menstrual cycle 
3. Comparison of calcium levels in normal pregnancy and pregnancy induced hypertension.
4. Study of fibrinogen level, and metabolic functions in postmenopausal women
5. A cross sectional study of memory among 50 to 65 year older adults with differing levels of hemoglobin
6. Prediction of lumbar disc herniation in symptomatic subjects by clinical analysis and its correlation with MRI findings
7. Analysis of the Relationship between blood indices and memory functions across normal parturition in primigravida
8. Evaluation of hypocholesterolemic activity of Nigella sativa seeds in gene expression of cholesterol biosynthesis in male rats